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In-Depth Overview of FinTech Regulations in 2022

9 min read

Hi there!

Are you a startup founder, investor, or serial entrepreneur with a FinTech product? If so, then read through this article to learn the following:

  • What is FinTech compliance?
  • Overview of FinTech regulations
  • How will the government regulate FinTech in the future?
  • How to deal with FinTech regulation for a startup?
  • And more!

Let’s dig deeper more into FinTech regulations.

What is FinTech Compliance?

Before we delve into the intricacies of financial technology regulations. Let’s first help you understand what it entails.

FinTech compliance means adhering to regulatory laws that guide new business models and financial technologies. These guidelines help protect consumers’ interest and investors’ capital. They also play an important role if you plan to create a fintech startup.

To plan regulatory guidelines, governmental agencies often consider a gamut of risks:

  • Risk 1. Data privacy. One of the important issues in creating financial technology is risk assessment and preventing data breaches. Upon detecting a data leak, regulatory bodies may find the guilty party.In countries that are European Union members. non-compliance with anti-data-leaks may result in two to four percent of a company’s revenue as fine.
  • Risk 2. Money laundering. Money laundering costs corporations and government agencies over $2 trillion annually. Due to this massive loss, all countries have anti-money laundering (AML) policies. There are also regulatory bodies that synergize operation and data.
  • Risk 3. Cyberattacks. Financial organizations are a hot target for nefarious individuals. And both FinTech and traditional banks are a major concern to the government. To help protect the interest of consumers, there are FinTech-centric laws. We’ll discuss some of those laws here.
The illustration shows compliance of FinTech with possible existing risks

Now that you know the financial technology regulations and the motivating factors. Let’s do an overview of these laws, their regulatory bodies, and the country it applies to.

Overview of the FinTech Regulations

Financial technology regulations are getting tighter this 2021. Many experts predict that governments will begin to create laws to force compliance.

To understand these regulations we’ll discuss them as they pertain to 4 different regions. Regions we’ll consider include the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, and Western Europe.

FinTech Regulations in the US

The United States has the largest FinTech ecosystem. And it’s a no-brainer that they also have one of the largest varieties of laws for FinTech startups.

Suppose your FinTech targets the US market. Then you’ll fall under the purview of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB). Same with the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN), Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC), and Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC).

  • FinCEN gathers information about every financial transaction. It is then used the info to prevent financial crimes.
  • OCC supervises businesses to ensure their activities align with FinTech laws and regulations.
  • Federal deposit insurance corporations (FDIC) regulate mobile-only banks.
  • Securities and exchange commissions (SEC) regulate trading platforms.
  • The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) designs the regulatory framework for the financial market. It also approves new technologies for trading.
This picture describes the five main financial regulators in the U.S.

Breaking these laws comes with dire consequences. For example, refusing to report stock fraud on your online trading platform may cost you up to $775,000.

For a more encompassing exposé on FinTech laws, check out the spreadsheet below.

Regulations Meaning
The Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act This act is the most prominent privacy law in the United States.

It requires that organizations in the financial industry keep consumer data well. It also ensures that customers understand your privacy policy.

The Electronic Fund Transfer Act It controls the authorization practices as it applies to financial transactions executed online. Make this the focus when developing an online payment application.
The Bank Secrecy Act The United States enacted this law for AML compliance. Banking services must watch out for unusual transactions on wallets.
The US Patriot Act This act controls the Know Your Customer (KYC) policies and other identification standards. This law ensures startups have apt cybersecurity and anti-money laundering (AML) practices. It also ensures that financial technology platforms train their workers to follow laws.
The Electronic Signature in Global and National Commerce Act (E-Sign Act) This law sets the standard for electronics and signature documents.
The Truth in Savings Act TILA mandates lenders, peer-to-peer platforms, and FinTech to give information on all fees.
The Federal Affiliate Marketing Rule This agency guides companies on what information they can use for marketing purposes.
The Federal Reds Flag Rule This law mandates financial institutions to set policies that prevent financial theft.

This is not an exhaustive list, as you’ll need to carry out more extensive research. Furthermore, there are also laws for risk management practices. For example, biometric recognition technology laws vary from one state to another.

If you’re integrating health data to your FinTech or have a FinTech impact on health care, e.g., health insurance, or your product interacts with kids in a way, then extra regulations apply to your product.

As of now the United States federal system still lacks compliance programs for supervising FinTech. But steps are being made to create one. The NACHA introduced a FinTech ACT in 2019. It includes a recommendation to create a FinTech body in the US treasury department.

NACHA also recommends that the federal government create innovative offices for advisory services. And that they control the conflicting regulations that affect the sector.

The illustration shows basic laws that must be followed when regulating financial technology in the USA

FinTech Regulations in the UK

UK Regulators are the most FinTech-friendly. Like the US,  the UK has no specific legislation to protect the financial technology sector.

However, most startups in the FinTech industry handle financial transactions one way or the other. Some bank regulations are also applied to financial technology companies or may affect companies that develop banking applications.

For example, if a FinTech activity falls under the Financial Services and Markets Act 2000 (FSMA). Then they’ll have to be regulated by the Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA) or the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA).

Regulated activities are defined in the FSMA Order 2001. However, the legislation is complemented by the rules, guidance, and principles of the FCA Handbook and the PRA Rulebook.

Here’s a spreadsheet depicting the list of regulators and their regulations in the UK.

Regulators Task
Financial Conduct Authority It’s a UK legal-backed authority that operates freely of the UK government. It regulates FinTech firms providing finance to maintain the integrity of the market.
Prudential Regulation Authority This is a quasi-governmental agency that provides regulatory requirements for mobile-only banks. They also cover InsurTech platforms, crowdfunding, and investment platforms.

They ensure that the operations of these FinTech providers don’t go against governmental policies. They also ensure due diligence that’ll aid an apt AML procedure

Payment Systems Regulator It is an organization subset of FCA. Their role is to provide a framework to aid innovation among payment systems.

They’ll also ensure that their operations align with the interest of the people.

The illustration shows the three main financial regulators, describing the main rules in the UK

FinTech Regulation in Western Europe

A 2013 report by the European Banking Authority elucidated how 31% of the 1,500 FinTech startups that participated in a survey are not subjected to any regulation.

Thus, it’s safe to conclude that Western Europe is still largely unregulated and startups are still free to innovate in every way possible.

If you wish to operate your startup in Western Europe, it’s best to focus on country-specific financial regulations that will help you, as a fintech startup, earn. Europe has few FinTech specific regulations, which are:

Regulations Meaning
The General Data Protection Regulation This is deemed the toughest privacy and security law in the world. It determines how organizations gather information and what they can do with it.
The European Union Directives and Financial Action This proposal accentuates the imperativeness of KYC policies and data checks to stem the tide of money laundering.
The New Payment Service Directive This directive aims to guarantee top-notch payment security within the European Economic Area.
This picture describes the financial rules to be complied with in Western Europe

FinTech Regulation in Australia

FinTech businesses undertaking any financial services in Australia must hold an Australian financial service license or get a direct exemption from owning one. The law empowering this is the Corporation Act of Australia.

This law covers your FinTech startup if you’re willing to:

  • Create a financial product that offers financial advice
  • Provide a template for selling a financial product
  • Operate registered schemes
  • Provide custodial or depository services

Generally, the regulatory environment in Australia is one with many regulations. But they’re quite easy to understand – unlike other regions mentioned earlier.

Here’s a concise spreadsheet of Australia’s regulators and the laws they regulate.

Regulators Task
The Australian Transactions Reports and Analysis Center (AUSTRAC) They regulate FinTech in general and transactions that occur on the internet. For example, AUSTRAC regulates cryptocurrencies.

It does this by ensuring that exchange platforms report transaction participants’ identities.

The Australian Securities and Investments Commission This national regulator protects both investors and customers. Beyond enforcing laws, they also offer regulatory advice for FinTech establishing in Australia.
The Australian Prudential Regulation Authority This law also regulates FinTech into banking and insurance activities.

Note. Watch out for state-level laws, as some states have laws safeguarding their interests.

The illustration shows Australia's three regulatory agencies and the laws they regulate

With an apt overview of FinTech laws in different regions of the world. Let’s help your sacrosanct futuristic details.

How Will FinTech be Regulated in the Future?

The future is highly promising for FinTech startups. But it also brings more exposure to tighter regulations, sanctions, and legal bottlenecks.

Future FinTech Innovation

The US federal reserve announced a different way for FinTech startups and banks to make faster payments. Experts believe that this new service called FedNow will enable quick funds transfer.

However, the ABA lobbied to remove FinTech startups from the deal as they do not have federal banking charters. This opposition shows that FinTech may have to own more licenses before having access to banking resources in the future.

As a response, OCC regulatory authority plans to introduce Special Purpose National Bank Charter Payment Companies. It’s designed to help give chartered companies the ability to clear payments through the Federal Reserve System. It is also expected that new laws will be created for blockchain-built currencies.

The illustration shows the main prerequisites for future fintech innovations

FinTech Compliance Standards

FinTechs are now dabbling into some core financial processes. Although the technicalities of these requirements do not constrain most startups. It’s sacrosanct that you take steps to ensure a more conforming platform.

For example, a FinTech company was recently fined $2.5 million. This fine is for not structuring its loan in a way that allows consumers to build their credit scores. This isn’t much of a surprise as compliance standards in FinTech are held to the barest minimum.

To apply for a loan from a traditional bank, you’ll have to submit many documents to fulfill the stipulations of anti-money laundering acts. But most P2P lending technology platforms don’t require that.

All this will change as FinTech will come under increased scrutiny from agencies.

How to Deal with FinTech Regulation as a Startup?

Newbies in this sector will be overwhelmed with geographically-dependent regulations. These regulations need the knowledge to prevent you from falling on the wrong side of the law.

The ideal way to address this challenge is by hiring a consultant. Hiring a compliance team in itself is a hectic task, but not having one may even lead to a business shutdown.

Let’s help you with the options to hire a compliance team.

How to Get a Compliance Team

You can hire a compliance team by bringing one from outside or by outsourcing your entire compliance process to a FinTech compliance startup.

Let’s help you with what each entails.

Hire a Compliance Expert

Hiring a compliance expert entails employing one as an employee of your organization. Opting for this option gives you more interactive communication with your expert. It also gives them an experiential understanding of your FinTech’s ecosystem.

This is a great choice for a startup handling large volumes of consumer data.

Pros Cons
  • The compliance expert has a better understanding of the intricacies of your startup.
  • The loyalty of the expert is more guaranteed.
  • Payment is a continuum, even when they’re redundant.
  • It may be difficult to find someone who has apt technical skills and the ability to lead compliance initiatives across your company.

Outsource your Compliance Duties

If you’re a new startup or one that’s particular about keeping your expenses small. Then partnership might be the most suitable option.

By outsourcing your compliance duties you’re asking a third party to ensure that your startup aligns with regulations.

But as beneficial as this method is for startups, it also has its distinguishing pros and cons.

Pros Cons
  • You can sign a contract on an on-demand basis, saving you lots of money on monthly salaries and allowances.
  • The outside compliance team must learn your practice.
  • They may support several clients whose priorities may compete with your firm’s needs.
This picture describes the pros and cons of two types of hiring a compliance team that can help your business stay strong

That’s not all financial technology development entails. You should dig deeper to broaden your knowledge.

Interested in Having a Better Understanding of FinTech?

Now that you know a lot about FinTech regulations, it doesn’t end there. To have a successful spell as a financial technology company, it’s important to have a deep understanding of the entire process.

You can learn this and more in our article titled “how to start a FinTech startup.” It entails all you should know about creating an app in this sector.

Read More

How to start a FinTech startup? Actionable guide

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